How do I check out a remote Git branch?

Somebody pushed a branch called test with git push origin test to a shared repository. I can see the branch with git branch -r. Now I'm trying to check out the remote test branch. I've tried: git checkout test which does nothing git checkout origin/test gives * (no branch). Which is confusing. How can I be on "no branch"? How do I check out a remote Git branch?

The answer has been split depending on whether there is one remote repository configured or multiple. The reason for this is that for the single remote case, some of the commands can be simplified as there is less ambiguity. Updated for Git 2.23: For older versions, see the section at the end. With One Remote In both cases, start by fetching from the remote repository to make sure you have all the latest changes downloaded. $ git fetch This will fetch all of the remote branches for you. You can see the branches available for checkout with: $ git branch -v -a ... remotes/origin/test The branches that start with remotes/* can be thought of as read only copies of the remote branches. To work on a branch you need to create a local branch from it. This is done with the Git command switch (since Git 2.23) by giving it the name of the remote branch (minus the remote name): $ git switch test In this case Git is guessing (can be disabled with --no-guess) that you are trying to checkout and track the remote branch with the same name. With Multiple Remotes In the case where multiple remote repositories exist, the remote repository needs to be explicitly named. As before, start by fetching the latest remote changes: $ git fetch origin This will fetch all of the remote branches for you. You can see the branches available for checkout with: $ git branch -v -a With the remote branches in hand, you now need to check out the branch you are interested in with -c to create a new local branch: $ git switch -c test origin/test For more information about using git switch: $ man git-switch I also created the image below for you to share the differences, look at how to fetch works, and also how it's different to pull: Prior to Git 2.23 git switch was added in Git 2.23, prior to this git checkout was used to switch branches. To checkout out with only a single remote repository: git checkout test if there there are multiple remote repositories configured it becomes a bit longer git checkout -b test <name of remote>/test

Sidenote: With modern Git (>= 1.6.6), you are able to use just git checkout test (note that it is 'test' not 'origin/test') to perform magical DWIM-mery and create local branch 'test' for you, for which upstream would be remote-tracking branch 'origin/test'. The * (no branch) in git branch output means that you are on unnamed branch, in so called "detached HEAD" state (HEAD points directly to commit, and is not symbolic reference to some local branch). If you made some commits on this unnamed branch, you can always create local branch off current commit: git checkout -b test HEAD ** EDIT (by editor not author) ** I found a comment buried below which seems to modernize this answer: @Dennis: git checkout <non-branch>, for example git checkout origin/test results in detached HEAD / unnamed branch, while git checkout test or git checkout -b test origin/test results in local branch test (with remote-tracking branch origin/test as upstream) – Jakub Narębski Jan 9 '14 at 8:17 emphasis on git checkout origin/test

In this case, you probably want to create a local test branch which is tracking the remote test branch: $ git branch test origin/test In earlier versions of git, you needed an explicit --track option, but that is the default now when you are branching off a remote branch.

Accepted answer not working for you? While the first and selected answer is technically correct, there's the possibility you have not yet retrieved all objects and refs from the remote repository. If that is the case, you'll receive the following error: $ git checkout -b remote_branch origin/remote_branch fatal: git checkout: updating paths is incompatible with switching branches. Did you intend to checkout 'origin/remote_branch' which can not be resolved as commit? Solution If you receive this message, you must first do a git fetch origin where origin is the name of the remote repository prior to running git checkout remote_branch. Here's a full example with responses: $ git fetch origin remote: Counting objects: 140, done. remote: Compressing objects: 100% (30/30), done. remote: Total 69 (delta 36), reused 66 (delta 33) Unpacking objects: 100% (69/69), done. From e6ef1e0..5029161 develop -> origin/develop * [new branch] demo -> origin/demo d80f8d7..359eab0 master -> origin/master $ git checkout demo Branch demo set up to track remote branch demo from origin. Switched to a new branch 'demo' As you can see, running git fetch origin retrieved any remote branches we were not yet setup to track on our local machine. From there, since we now have a ref to the remote branch, we can simply run git checkout remote_branch and we'll gain the benefits of remote tracking.

I tried the above solution, but it didn't work. Try this, it works: git fetch origin 'remote_branch':'local_branch_name' This will fetch the remote branch and create a new local branch (if not exists already) with name local_branch_name and track the remote one in it.

This will DWIM for a remote not named origin (documentation): $ git checkout -t remote_name/remote_branch To add a new remote, you will need to do the following first: $ git remote add remote_name location_of_remote $ git fetch remote_name The first tells Git the remote exists, the second gets the commits.

Use: git checkout -b <BRANCH-NAME> <REMOTE-NAME>/<BRANCH-NAME> Other answers do not work with modern Git in my benign case. You might need to pull first if the remote branch is new, but I haven't checked that case.

You basically see the branch, but you don't have a local copy yet!... You need to fetch the branch... You can simply fetch and then checkout to the branch, use the one line command below to do that: git fetch && git checkout test I also created the image below for you to share the differences, look at how fetch works and also how it's different to pull:

To clone a Git repository, do: git clone <either ssh url /http url> The above command checks out all of the branches, but only the master branch will be initialized. If you want to checkout the other branches, do: git checkout -t origin/future_branch (for example) This command checks out the remote branch, and your local branch name will be same as the remote branch. If you want to override your local branch name on checkout: git checkout -t -b enhancement origin/future_branch Now your local branch name is enhancement, but your remote branch name is future_branch.

You can try git fetch remote git checkout --track -b local_branch_name origin/branch_name or git fetch git checkout -b local_branch_name origin/branch_name

First, you need to do: git fetch # If you don't know about branch name git fetch origin branch_name Second, you can check out remote branch into your local by: git checkout -b branch_name origin/branch_name -b will create new branch in specified name from your selected remote branch.

I use the following command: git checkout --track origin/other_remote_branch

I was stuck in a situation seeing error: pathspec 'desired-branch' did not match any file(s) known to git. for all of the suggestions above. I'm on Git version So this worked for me: git fetch origin desired-branch git checkout -b desired-branch FETCH_HEAD The explanation behind is that I've noticed that when fetching the remote branch, it was fetched to FETCH_HEAD: git fetch origin desired-branch From * branch desired-branch -> FETCH_HEAD

Commands git fetch --all git checkout -b <ur_new_local_branch_name> origin/<Remote_Branch_Name> are equal to git fetch --all and then git checkout -b fixes_for_dev origin/development Both will create a latest fixes_for_dev from development

Simply run git checkout with the name of the remote branch. Git will automatically create a local branch that tracks the remote one: git fetch git checkout test However, if that branch name is found in more than one remote, this won't work as Git doesn't know which to use. In that case you can use either: git checkout --track origin/test or git checkout -b test origin/test In 2.19, Git learned the checkout.defaultRemote configuration, which specifies a remote to default to when resolving such an ambiguity.

If the branch is on something other than the origin remote I like to do the following: $ git fetch $ git checkout -b second/next upstream/next This will checkout the next branch on the upstream remote in to a local branch called second/next. Which means if you already have a local branch named next it will not conflict. $ git branch -a * second/next remotes/origin/next remotes/upstream/next

None of these answers worked for me. This worked: git checkout -b feature/branch remotes/origin/feature/branch

git fetch && git checkout your-branch-name

The git remote show <origin name> command will list all branches (including un-tracked branches). Then you can find the remote branch name that you need to fetch. Example: $ git remote show origin Use these steps to fetch remote branches: git fetch <origin name> <remote branch name>:<local branch name> git checkout <local branch name > (local branch name should the name that you given fetching) Example: $ git fetch origin test:test $ git checkout test

git branch -r says the object name is invalid, because that branch name isn't in Git's local branch list. Update your local branch list from origin with: git remote update And then try checking out your remote branch again. This worked for me. I believe git fetch pulls in all remote branches, which is not what the original poster wanted.

Fetch from the remote and checkout the branch. git fetch <remote_name> && git checkout <branch_name> E.g.: git fetch origin && git checkout feature/XYZ-1234-Add-alerts

Other guys and gals give the solutions, but maybe I can tell you why. git checkout test which does nothing Does nothing doesn't equal doesn't work, so I guess when you type 'git checkout test' in your terminal and press enter key, no message appears and no error occurs. Am I right? If the answer is 'yes', I can tell you the cause. The cause is that there is a file (or folder) named 'test' in your work tree. When git checkout xxx parsed, Git looks on xxx as a branch name at first, but there isn't any branch named test. Then Git thinks xxx is a path, and fortunately (or unfortunately), there is a file named test. So git checkout xxx means discard any modification in xxx file. If there isn't file named xxx either, then Git will try to create the xxx according to some rules. One of the rules is create a branch named xxx if remotes/origin/xxx exists.

git checkout -b "Branch_name" [ B means Create local branch] git branch --all git checkout -b "Your Branch name" git branch git pull origin "Your Branch name" successfully checkout from the master branch to dev branch

To get newly created branches git fetch To switch into another branch git checkout BranchName

You can start tracking all remote branches with the following Bash script: #!/bin/bash git fetch --all for branch in `git branch -r --format="%(refname:short)" | sed 's/origin\///'` do git branch -f --track "$branch" "origin/$branch" done Here is also a single-line version: git fetch --all; for branch in `git branch -r --format="%(refname:short)" | sed 's/origin\///'`; do git branch --track "$branch" "origin/$branch" ; done ;

to get all remote branches use this : git fetch --all then checkout to the branch : git checkout test

I always do: git fetch origin && git checkout --track origin/branch_name

Just run these two commands and you should be good to go. git checkout <branch-name> git pull <remote> <branch-name>

For us, it seems the remote.origin.fetch configuration gave a problem. Therefore, we could not see any other remote branches than master, so git fetch [--all] did not help. Neither git checkout mybranch nor git checkout -b mybranch --track origin/mybranch did work, although it certainly was at remote. The previous configuration only allowed master to be fetched: $ git config --list | grep fetch remote.origin.fetch=+refs/heads/master:refs/remotes/origin/master Fix it by using * and fetch the new information from origin: $ git config remote.origin.fetch '+refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/origin/*' $ git fetch ... * [new branch] ... ... Now we could git checkout the remote branch locally. No idea how this config ended up in our local repo.

I used that one: git fetch origin git reset --hard origin/{branchname}